A dharma debating exam for the 2023 Geshe Lharampa degree in Tibetan Buddhism unfolded at the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet autonomous region, on April 23, 2023. [Photo by Phenthok/For chinadaily.com.cn]
Thirteen monks passed the annual dharma debating exam and were accredited as Geshe Lharampas — the highest academic degree of Tibetan Buddhism — on Sunday at Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet autonomous region.
According to tradition, after a grand religious ceremony the monk candidates sat patiently as they waited to defend their understanding of the Five Great Volumes of Tibetan Buddhism, against challenges from a handful of top scholars.
The examiners, a board of master scholars, stood in the middle of the courtyard ready to challenge one of the candidates, who sat on raised podiums.