Largest coastal city in North China

Updated: Jun 1, 2021 Print
Share - WeChat

Population: 13,866,009 (2020)

Location: northeast of the North China Plain, Bohai Sea area

Area: 11,916.9 square kilometers


Tianjin, located at the center of Bohai-rim Economic Circle, plays a big part in terms of economic development both regionally and nationally. Tianjin is the largest coastal city adopting the market-oriented opening-up policy in the north of China. With its dynamic and vibrant economic developments, Tianjin attracted investors from all around the world.

In the year 2017, Tianjin's GDP exceeded 1.86 trillion yuan ($270.00 billion) with 3.6 percent annual growth. The primary industry increased by 2 percent; The secondary industry increased by 1 percent; The tertiary industry increased by 6 percent.

The eight pillar industries in Tianjin are aerospace and aviation, petrochemical, equipment manufacturing, electronics, bio-technology and modern pharmacy, alternative energy and new material, national defense technology, light industry and textile industry, accounting for 90 percent of the entire industrial sector of the city.

Additionally, as the largest coastal city in China, Tianjin has adopted a market-oriented opening-up policy in the northern part of China and has become a hot spot for foreign investors.

Administrative divisions

As one of the four municipalities directly under the central government, Tianjin consists of 16 districts - Binhai New Area, Heping, Hebei, Hexi, Hedong, Nankai, Hongqiao, Dongli, Xiqing, Jinnan, Beichen, Wuqing, Baodi, Jinghai, Ninghe and Jizhou districts. 


Tianjin is one of the first Chinese cities to come in contact with modern western civilizations. Thanks to the economic radiation and impact of Tianjin, unprecedented progress was made in the modernization and opening-up of various industries in northern China, which greatly improved the overall economic strength of northern China and stopped the downward trend of the economic status of the northern region in the country at that time, making this place once again one of the regions with a high level of economic development in the country. Tianjin holds the following seven competitive advantages:

First, Tianjin is located on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, in the convergence zone of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Urban Agglomeration and the Bohai-Rim Economic Circle. It is also the meeting point between the eastern Land Silk Road and the northern Maritime Silk Road in the Belt and Road Initiative, as well as a starting point of the Sino-Mongolian-Russian Economic Corridor. Now, Tianjin Port is on its way of becoming a “golden node” on the 21st century Maritime Silk Road.

Second, to give full play to its advantages in information technology, Tianjin promotes the application of information technology to the people’s livelihood and public services. “Internet + medical care”, “Internet + community management”, and other applications have freed citizens from many unnecessary errands. Tianjin will comprehensively promote the in-depth application of information technology to urban management, operations and services. It is outlined in “Tianjin Smart City Special Action Plan” that by 2020, a smart application system will be established in Tianjin to benefit the citizens.

Third, Tianjin will cooperate with Xiong’an New Area on high-end industries, such as the new generation information technology, new energy, new materials, energy conservation & environmental protection, bio-medicine and health care, to realize coordinated development of industries and technologies. Tianjin will take advantage of its role as a port city and opening-up platform to the outside world and plan dry ports in Xiong’an New Area and improve the service of ports in Hebei and Tianjin. Tianjin will use its advantages on urban planning to help Xiong’an New Area make its own planning on transportation, ecological network and offer support on technology and talents for Xiong’an’s planning, design, mapping and geological survey.

Forth, 10 industry clusters-such as new-generation information technology, high-end equipment, and new materials-continued to grow and develop in Tianjin. Tianjin is committed to building an advanced manufacturing system featuring innovation, high efficiency, smart integration, and low carbon. A new system for advanced manufacturing industry will be created. The spatial layout of advanced manufacturing industry will be optimized. A number of competitive enterprises will be cultivated.

Fifth, giving full play to the favorable policies for pilot schemes, Tianjin proactively promotes the financial reform and innovation in the free trade pilot zone. Tianjin has established the first domestic contract-type CNY sector fund, the first Internet monetary fund, and the first private bond for small cities and towns; it has established the first domestic aircraft leasing fund and aviation industry fund. Tianjin adheres to the new concept of development and promotes high-quality development. The rapid growth of emerging industries is becoming a new boost for economic development. New businesses and new modes thrived.

Sixth, Tianjin is an open and inclusive city full of vitality. It adheres to an opening up-driven strategy over the years and enjoys close and active exchanges and cooperation with dozens of cities and regions at home and abroad. Its scale and depth of opening-up as well as the environment for opening-up keep improving. The city is speeding up for internationalization, with increasing regional and international influence.

Seventh, Tianjin has continued to carry out 3 rounds of modern standardization construction for compulsory education, promoted the exam-free school admission for compulsory education, set up a mechanism for teachers and principals’ exchange and rotation, and implemented the free compulsory education policy. The city is speeding up its construction of world-class universities and disciplines reflecting the characteristics of Tianjin and China, and encouraging the transformation and development of a group of higher institutions.

Sister cities

International Sister Cities

Date Signed

International Sister Cities

Date Signed

Kobe, Japan

Jun 24, 1973

Incheon, Republic of Korea

Dec 27, 1993

Philadelphia, United States

Feb 10, 1980

Saarland, Germany

Sept 27, 1994

Melbourne, Australia

May 5, 1980

Lodz, Poland

Oct 11, 1994

Yokkaichi, Japan

Oct 28, 1980

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Apr 18, 1995

Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina

May 28, 1981

Orange County, the United States

Aug 1, 1997

Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France

Oct 10, 1984

Amazonas, Brazil

Oct 20, 1997

Lombardy, Italy

May 9, 1985

Haiphong, Vietnam

Jan 8, 1999

Groningen, Holland

Sept 12, 1985

Abidjan, Cote dIvoire

Sept 26, 1992

Chiba, Japan

May 7, 1986

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 

Sept 27, 1992

Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Sept 23, 1990

Kharkov, Ukraine

Jun 14, 1993

Izmir, Turkey

Sept 25, 1991

Jonkoping, Sweden 

Sept 23, 1993


Copyright©2022 China Daily. All rights reserved.


京公网安 京公网安备 11010502032503号