Hubei on the cusp of a new economic boom

Updated: Nov 27, 2020 By Huang Yongming China Daily Print
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The Eye of East Lake Ferris wheel is seen in the foreground of the lake in Wuhan, Central China's Hubei province, on Aug 17, 2020. [Photo/Xinhua]

Since the lifting of epidemic-induced lockdown in Wuhan on April 8, the economic recovery of its parent province has been better than expected-Hubei province's GDP growth increased from-39.2 percent in the first quarter of the year to-19.3 percent in the first half of the year, and-10.4 percent in the first nine months.

In the first three quarters, the added value of industries above designated size (output growth of industries with annual revenue of 20 million yuan-$2.88 million-or more from their main business operations) increased for five consecutive months, with a growth of 6.2 percent in September.

The decline in fixed asset investment narrowed by 22.3 percent in the first nine months, thanks to the double-digit growth for three consecutive months. The four sectors hardest hit during the pandemic-wholesale, retail, accommodation and catering-have registered a slower decline. Actually, the catering sector has achieved positive growth due to the revival of consumption and market.

Also, in the first three quarters, local taxes accounted for 77.7 percent of the general public budget revenue, up 1.8 percent year-on-year; total import-export volume increased by 6.8 percent year-on-year, 6.1 percentage points more than the national average; and 1,219 new enterprises above designated size were registered.

The above figures show Hubei's economic recovery has been solid.

Despite the short-term slowdown due to the novel coronavirus epidemic, the rising economic graph of the province in Central China is not likely to change, especially because it enjoys some unique advantages.

To begin with, its location at the center of China and connectivity with the eastern, western, southern and northern regions give Hubei a unique geographic advantage. With high-speed railways crisscrossing the country, it usually takes a person about 4.5 hours to reach any of the 26 top cities in the country from Wuhan.

As the Yangtze River flows through the province, Hubei enjoys connectivity through rail, road, air and river with all parts of China. And the under-construction Shunfeng airport will make Wuhan the top air cargo distribution center in Asia. In fact, Wuhan is about to become a "dual hub" of air passengers and cargo.

Hubei is also rich in scientific and educational resources, as it is home to 2,158 scientific research institutes and 129 colleges with over 1.5 million students. A batch of competitive industrial clusters like automatic manufacturing, integrated circuits and biomedicine thrive in the province, with 15 industries' outputs reaching the 100 billion yuan mark. In particular, optoelectronic and medical industries have developed at a rapid pace in recent years.

Further, Hubei, as a major province in Central China, is expected to make great achievements through the "dual circulation" development pattern.

Given the emergence of anti-globalization, unilateralism and protectionism in many parts of the world, China faces strong headwinds in global trade. That's why the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Communist Party of China Central Committee last month stated that it is necessary to focus more on the domestic market to boost economic growth.

By the end of 2019, Hubei had about 59.27 million permanent residents, 7 million more than the total population of the Republic of Korea. And the number of market entities in the province is close to 5.58 million-ranking top in terms of market entities per 1,000 people in the central region-which means the province has huge consumption potential and abundant room for growth.

Besides, multiple national development plans such as the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the Belt and Road Initiative converge in Hubei, highlighting the province's role in the overall national development plan and creating innumerable opportunities.

During the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25) period, Hubei will embark on a new journey to develop itself into a modern province, serving as a fulcrum for the rise of the central region and spearheading its economic transition. To meet these goals, the province has to make greater efforts on several fronts.

First, Hubei needs to make full use of its advantages such as geographical location and big market while seizing the opportunities created by the "dual circulation" development paradigm to boost its economy and contribute to the rise of the central region.

Second, Hubei should make innovation a main driver of economic upgrading. As the fifth plenary session said, an innovation-driven development model should be followed to develop new advantages. Traditional industries still make a major part of Hubei's economy; it has less than 7,900 high-tech enterprises, one sixth the number in Guangdong province. So in the next five years, Hubei should promote innovation-oriented enterprises, increase research funding, give more emphasis to the real economy and modernize its industrial chain, in order to develop into a modern province led by high-tech and innovation.

Third, the province should build a market-oriented, law-based and world-class business environment that is stable, and promotes creativity, equality and transparency, and reduce administrative intervention in the market.

Fourth, Hubei should make good use of the central government's preferential policies in the post-pandemic era to drive growth.

And fifth, the province should strike a balance between economic growth and pandemic prevention and control because, with the novel coronavirus pandemic still raging in many parts of the world, China should try its best to prevent any large local outbreaks.

By taking targeted anti-pandemic measures, including quick response to any local outbreak, while boosting domestic demand, increasing investment and encouraging emerging business -such as new retail, online shopping, internet healthcare, online education and sharing economy-Hubei can indeed lead the economic boom in the central region.

The author is a professor at the Institute of Regional and Urban-Rural Development, Wuhan University.

The views don't necessarily represent those of China Daily.

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