Cluster of factor markets: The structure of factor markets in Pudong was further improved. Specifically, the Shanghai Futures Exchange has become the largest exchange in the world by trading volume, and a number of high-capacity financial institutions have mushroomed in the district, including the New Development Bank and the Bank of China Shanghai RMB Trading Unit.
By the end of 2015, Pudong has become home to around 900 licensed financial institutions. The value added of the financial services sector has averaged an annual increase of 17.7 percent during the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15), contributing to approximately 25 percent of the local GDP.
A diverse range of office buildings and exhibition and convention facilities: Pudong houses a number of Class A office buildings. In Lujiazui alone, there are 237 office buildings of 8 floors or above, and 2.29 million sq m of offices are under construction.