Vaccination is the most effective means to prevent and control infectious diseases. The invention of vaccines and vaccination are among mankind's greatest public health achievements. The spread of vaccination has prevented disability and death in countless children and governments around the world have made vaccination a top priority in their public health services.
China has effectively controlled infectious diseases through its vaccination-based national immunization program. By administering oral polio pills, China eradicated the transmission of indigenous poliovirus in 1995, saving hundreds of thousands of children from physical disability. The prevalence of hepatitis B virus in children under 5 years dropped from 9.7 percent in 1992 to 0.3 percent in 2014, after the popularization of neonatal hepatitis B vaccination. The annual incidence of measles plummeted from over 9 million in the mid-1990s to below 6,000 in 2017. Since 2006, no cases of diphtheria have been reported in China. By 2017, the number of epidemic meningitis cases, which had reached as high as 3.04 million in the 1960s, stood at fewer than 200.
Center for Immunization Planning
The Center for Immunization Planning is responsible for monitoring vaccination rates and adverse events after inoculation; conducting research and evaluation on the policies and strategies of administering vaccines and vaccination service and formulating corresponding technical guidelines; carrying out investigation and disposal on major immune planning events and public health education on vaccination; and carrying out health education the on vaccination of health education and engaging in public communication.
The Center for Immunization Planning, formerly known as the National Technical Guidance Center for Immunization Planning, was established in 1990.In 2002, in order to meet the need of national immunization planning development, the China CDC established the Center for Immunization Planning.
The Center for Immunization Planning provides technological support on various fields, including the national technology platform construction, vaccine surveillance and control, vaccination policy research, and the application and promotion of vaccine technologies.