Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 2012, courts across the nation have heard 2.35 million administrative cases of first instance, 2.27 million of which were concluded, according to the Supreme People's Court (SPC) at the sixth national work conference on administrative trials held on Feb 15.
As a result of fully implementing the filing registration system, courts at all levels have accepted 1.87 million administrative cases of first instance since 2016, with an average annual increase of 8.8 percent. Through the implementation of the Civil Code and the Administrative Procedure Law, 166,000 administrative cases of first instance concerning labor and social security have been handled over the last decade. Since 2018, 65,000 administrative compensation cases of first instance have been heard, with compensation amounting to 6.56 billion yuan ($955.7 million).
In fully implementing the dual defendant system for administrative reconsideration cases, 46,000 administrative cases with governmental organs as co-defendants have been handled since 2016. In 2021, heads of administrative organs appeared in court as defendants in 65.4 percent of administrative cases.
Efforts were also made to reform the administrative litigation jurisdiction system. Special courts with cross-regional jurisdiction have been set up in Beijing and Shanghai to handle related cases. Since 2017, courts at all levels have concluded 93,000 administrative cases of first instance using streamlined procedures, with an average hearing time of 31.9 days.