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Wuhan Revolution Museum

Updated: Mar 10, 2021 govt.chinadaily.com.cn Print
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Wuhan Revolution Museum
武汉革命博物馆

Address: 13 Hongxiang lane, Wuchang district, Wuhan city, Hubei province
Opening hours: 9:00 am -5:00 pm (Entry until 4:30 pm)
Closed Mondays (Except for national holidays)
General admission: Free

The Wuhan Revolution Museum is composed of the Site of the Wuchang Peasant Movement Training School, the Former Residence of Mao Zedong (1893-1976) in Wuchang, the Site of the Fifth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Site of the Wuchang Uprising Gate, and the Exhibition Hall of CPC Discipline Construction.

Covering 32,122 square meters, the museum receives more than 2.23 million visitors and holds more than 10 exhibitions and 50 educational activities annually. It has become a comprehensive museum for the collection and protection of revolutionary cultural relics that present the history of revolutions and the Communist Party of China. The museum is a scenic spot for "red tourism".

The Site of the Wuchang Peasant Movement School Institute is the only well-preserved school-style building from the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) in Wuhan. [Photo/www.whgmbwg.com]

The Site of the Wuchang Peasant Movement Training School was once used to train the cadres who participated in the national peasant movement, which was proposed to be established by the late Chairman Mao Zedong during the first period of the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China from 1924 to 1927. It is the only well-preserved school-style building from the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) in Wuhan. In 2001, the site was designated a foremost protected heritage site.

The Former Residence of Mao Zedong in Wuchang [Photo/www.whgmbwg.com]

The Former Residence of Mao Zedong in Wuchang was the office and residence of Mao in 1927 when he was responsible for the work of the Peasant Movement School and engaged in revolutionary activities in Wuhan. It was also the former site of the Agricultural Committee of the CPC Central Committee where Mao and his first wife Yang Kaihui (1901-30) got together for the last time. Yang left him to organize underground revolutions against the Kuomintang (KMT) for three years. She was finally captured and executed by the KMT at the age of 29.

The building has the typical style of folk dwellings in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and showcases the local architectural features in Wuhan. It was rated as a national foremost protected heritage site in 2011 and listed as one of the scenic spots for "red tourism" in 2004.

The Site of the Fifth National Congress of the Communist Party of China [Photo/www.whgmbwg.com]

Opened to the public in 2007 and covering 7,700 square meters, the Site of the Fifth National Congress of the Communist Party of China is also known as the memorial site where the martyr Chen Tanqiu (1896-1943) was held during early revolutionary activities.

From 1922 to 1927, as one of the founders of the Communist Party of China, Chen engaged in revolutionary activities under the guise of teaching. In 1927, the Fifth National Congress of the Communist Party of China was convened there, and the Central Supervision Commission -- the predecessor of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC -- was founded there.

The structures on the site are a combination of Chinese and Western modern education buildings in Wuhan, which not only absorbs the architectural elements of Western missionary schools but also reflects a traditional architectural style with local characteristics.

The Site of the Fifth National Congress of the Communist Party of China is important in researching the history of the CPC fifth National Congress and the history of China’s major revolutions. It has effectively protected revolutionary cultural relics and become a true brand of red tourism.

The Site of the Wuchang Uprising Gate[Photo/www.whgmbwg.com]

Formerly known as the "Zhonghe Gate", the Wuchang Uprising Gate is one of the ten ancient gates in Wuchang. After the outbreak of the first uprising of Wuchang, the Revolutionary Party occupied and opened the Zhonghe Gate to let troops go inside and set artillery to bombard the governor's house. After the victory of the first uprising of Wuchang, the Zhonghe Gate was dubbed the "beginning of the first uprising". In 1912, it was renamed the "Uprising Gate". With its high historical and artistic values, the solemn and magnificent gate was rated as a national foremost protected heritage site in 2013.

Exhibition Hall of CPC Discipline Construction[Photo/www.whgmbwg.com]

Covering an exhibition area of nearly 3,000 square meters and housing a collection of 405 cultural relics and more than 700 precious photos, the Exhibition Hall of CPC Discipline Construction is a specialized museum that shows how the Communist Party of China has kept strengthening its discipline construction for over a century.

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