Wuhan is located in Central China. China’s H-shaped economic development pattern in the coastal areas, the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the western region have taken shape, in which Wuhan serves as the transportation junction connecting the east and the west, linking the north and the south. Therefore, it is crowned by the domestic economists as “China’s economic and geographic center” and has ranked the 6th of the “Top 50 Cities with the Strong Comprehensive Strength in China” for years consecutively. In the UN World Urbanization Prospects report issued in February, 2002, Wuhan ranked the 6th among the 25 most promising Chinese cities.
The number of registered permanent residents is about 9,790,000.
Located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, Wuhan has been regarded as the “thoroughfare to nine provinces”. Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and the Yangtze River converge in Wuhan and also Beijing-Jiulong Railway and Beijing-Guangzhou Railway intersect in it, thus forming a railway network linking North China, Southwest China, Central-South China and East China. Moreover, Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway and Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway converge in Wuhan and a High-speed Railway along the Yangtze River will be completed here soon. Therefore, a “flexible multimodal transportation system” combining expressways, high-speed railways and water transportation on the Yangtze River gives greater prominence to Wuhan’s position of strategic importance as a junction of water and land transportation in China.
Wuhan enjoys a time-honored history. According to archaeological discoveries and ancient records, more than 10,000 years ago, some people had already settled down in Wuhan. Over 3,500 years ago, the light of urban civilization began to spark in Panlongcheng, an ancient city in the northern area of Wuhan at that time. During the Three Kingdoms Period some 1,700 years ago, Wuhan was a noted battlefield. After the Ming and the Qing Dynasties, Hankou gradually developed itself into one of “the Four Famous Towns” nationwide. More than 100 years ago, Wuchang was the birthplace of the Revolution of 1911.
Wuhan is the largest inland logistic and cargo distribution center in China, with its service covering approximately 400 million populations in the 5 neighboring provinces including Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Henan and Sichuan. At present, there are over 10,000 commercial organizations, 105,000 commodity networks, 4 commercial listed enterprises as well as 8 comprehensive shopping centers on the list of China Top 100 Retail Shopping Centers.
As an important industrial base, Wuhan has a solid foundation in both hi-tech manufacturing industry and traditional manufacturing industry. At present, a new economic growth belt featuring the integration of hi-tech and traditional manufacturing industries has taken shape, including a series of industrial clusters such as Optical Valley of China, Dongfeng Peugeot Citroen Auto Town, Taiwan Enterprises Development Zone and Yangluo Development Zone along the 88 kilometers Middle Ring of Wuhan. It has a complete array of industries, including over 30,000 industrial enterprises of 33 industries such as iron and steel, automobile, equipment manufacturing, petroleum and petrochemical, optoelectronic communication, western and traditional Chinese medicine, biological engineering, textile, clothes and food. Its strong comprehensiveness of facilities provides investors from home and abroad with a great platform to invest.
Science and Education
Wuhan is the scientific, cultural and educational center in Central China, with its comprehensive strength in this regard ranking the 3rdamong all the large-and-medium-sized cities in China, just next to that of Beijing and Shanghai. Wuhan boasts abundant intellectual and human resources. There are 52 regular institutions of higher learning in Wuhan with over 700,000 students, 736 scientific and design institutes, 10 state key laboratories, 59 Academicians of China Academy of Science and China Academy of Engineering as well as 450,000 technicians of various kinds. East Lake Development Zone in Wuhan is the 2ndlargest intellectual-intensive area only inferior to Zhongguancun in Beijing, playing a leading role in terms of science and technology development nationwide in the following 5 fields: communication, biological technology, laser, microelectronic technology and new materials.
Wuhan has greatly improved its comprehensive service functions by promoting environmental innovations. A batch of pivotal infrastructures with important functions have been completed such as Wuhan International Airport, airport expressway, the Yangtze River No.2 Bridge, No.3 Bridge, millions of private branch exchanges (PBX), water plants, power plants and sewage treatment plants. In addition, started from transforming the government functions, we have introduced “a package” public cooperation system for foreign enterprises, communication with mayor system, complaint-resolving system and investment environment accountability system, etc. After the observation on Wuhan’s investment environment, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization deems that it is the primary city to invest in China’s central and western regions. After more than half a year’s investigation and evaluation, Wuhan was given the highest scores among the 15 large cities along the Yangtze River in terms of investment environment by the Shanghai Hong Kong Council for Promoting the Development of Yangtze.
Wuhan has 13 districts, among which Jiang'an, Jianghan, Qiaokou, Hanyang, Wuchang, Hongshan and Qingshan Districts are downtowns while Dongxihu, Caidian, Jiangxia, Huangpi, Xinzhou and Hannan Districts are new towns. Wuchang, Hanyang, Jiang'an, Jianghan and Qiaokou Districts are old towns. Wuhan also has three state-level development zones, i.e. Wuhan Economic and Technological Development Zone (Zhuankou Development Zone), East Lake Hi-Tech Development Zone (Optical Valley of China) and Wuhan Wujiashan Economic and Technological Development Zone.
Granted by the nation as one of the open cities along the Yangtze River in 1992, Wuhan has gradually become a hot area in attracting foreign investments. Among the Global 500 international enterprises, 84 have already invested in Wuhan. The French Consulate General in Wuhan, the US Consulate General in Wuhan and ROK Consulate General in Wuhan were set up in 1998, 2008 and 2011 respectively.
Wuhan enjoys ever-closer exchanges with other countries and regions in the world in economy, trade, science and technology, education, culture and all the other fields as well as dynamic and friendly ties with the governments, people and social organizations. Now it has 17 sister cities around the world, namely Oita in Japan, Pittsburgh in the United States, Duisburg in Germany, Manchester in the United Kingdom, Galati in Romania, Kiev in Ukraine, Khartoum in Sudan, Gyor in Hungary, Bordeaux in France, Arnhem in Netherlands, Cheong Ju in South Korea, Sankt Polten in Austria, Christchurch in New Zealand, Markham in Canada, Borlange in Sweden, Kopavogur in Iceland and Ashdod in Israel.