The third session of the 13th Heilongjiang Provincial People's Congress began on Jan 14 in Harbin with the release of its provincial government work report.
Heilongjiang's economy in 2018 witnessed stable growth. The GDP in northeast China's Heilongjiang was predicted to rise by around five percent last year and revenue in general public budgets increased by 3.2 percent, including 8.7 percent in tax revenue. Consumer prices rose by two percent. The per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents increased by 6.4 percent and 9 percent respectively, with 607,000 new urban jobs being created and the registered urban unemployment rate being kept within 3.99 percent.
Maintaining smooth economic development
In 2018, Heilongjiang province saw a fruitful year in its industrial construction. According to statistics, the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 2.8 percent. Pharmaceutical manufacturing grew by 10.4 percent.
The province focused on the construction of mid-to-high end manufacturing brands, promoting the development of emerging industries vigorously. The added value of high-tech manufacturing was predicted to grow by 11.2 percent in the last year, with the output value of industrial robots, CNC machine tools, new materials and other industries growing rapidly. In addition, the number of high-tech enterprises in the province reached 1,120, an increase of 20.5 percent.
Meanwhile, the city also strove to work on its modern service industry. Taking tourism as an example, its revenue reached 225.3 billion yuan ($32.56 billion) last year, an increase of 18 percent. It was expected to receive 184 million domestic and foreign tourists, up 12 percent.
Opening wider to the outside world
It was estimated that the total import and export volume of the province increased by 36.9 percent and the port freight volume was 37.1 percent. The province has also further optimized the layout of ports, the overall customs clearance time has been greatly reduced and the total volume of imports and exports towards Russia were expected to increase by 65 percent.
The pace of jointly building the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was further accelerated. It also actively participated in the construction of the "China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor", while hosting activities for regional cooperation and exchange between China and Russia.
Better living environment
Basic pensions for retirees from enterprises and government institutions rose by 5.5 percent and four percent respectively, and basic pensions for urban and rural residents rose by 35 percent. A total of 118 public kindergartens were newly built, renovated or expanded.
The ecological environment was also further improved, the number of days with good air quality reached 93.5 percent, which the best year since the implementation of the new air standards launched in 2012. Afforestation across the province in 2018 increased by 1.17 million mu (78,000 hectares).
Figures to expect in 2019
The year 2019 marks the 70th anniversary of the founding for the People's Republic of China and will be a crucial year for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.
Hence, the main targets set for economic and social development includes GDP growth reaching above five percent, while the general public budget income and per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents is set to keep pace with economic growth. The registered urban unemployment rate is to be kept at about 4.5 percent, with an additional 520,000 urban jobs being created, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) at below three percent, and the energy consumption per unit of GDP reduced by more than three percent.