Clinical manifestations of Alzheimer's disease
The clinical manifestations of Alzheimer's disease are cognitive impairment, daily living ability decline, and mental and behavioral disorders. Most elderly patients get sick unconsciously. They usually have memory loss or poor memory. Some have hallucinations, delusions, anxiety or depression.
Three stages of Alzheimer
Stage one: Memory declines and quickly worsens so that people can't remember what they're told.
Stage two: Behavioral disorders and personality changes. The patient becomes selfish, irritable, hallucinating or suspicious, and has reduced ability to react to the outside world, repeat words, etc. The patient may have infantile traits.
Stage three: The patients are unable to take care of themselves with the symptoms getting worse so that can’t understand what other people are saying, are uncommunicative, find it hard to put on clothes or eat by themselves and can’t defecate and urinate without another person’s help.
Nursing care of Alzheimer
1. Ensure that patients have adequate nutrition, eat digestible and nutritious foods, ensure adequate protein, increase the intake of vegetables and fruits, and ensure their smooth defecation and urination.
2. Do some physical and mental activities during the day and get enough sleep at night.
3. Help patients with mental exercise and brain-stimulating games such as puzzles, building and blocks, cultivate hobbies of fish-farming, flower cultivation, walking, singing, etc.
4. Have more communication with patients and be patient with them.
5. Patients with severe Alzheimer who cannot take care of themselves should be cared for by professional staff to reduce accidental injury.