China education is the largest education system in the world. On June 2018, there were 9.75 million students taking the National Higher Education Entrance Examination (Gaokao) in China. Investment in education accounts for about 4 percent of total GDP in China. In 1986, the Chinese government passed a compulsory education law, making nine years of education mandatory for all Chinese children. Today, the Ministry of Education estimates that above 99 percent of school-aged children have received universal nine-year basic education.
On March 2018, Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China announced that a total of 489,200 international students were studying in China in 2017. International students have enrolled in over 935 higher education institutions in China. China has a long history of providing education to international students studying in high schools and universities. Over the past few years, the number of international students studying in China has significantly increased on a yearly basis.
The higher education sector has witnessed growth as well. China has increased the proportion of its college-age population in higher education to over 20 percent now from 1.4 percent in 1978. At the same time, China is improving the quality of education through a major effort at school curriculum reform.
China has a consistent teacher development system. Teaching has historically been and remains today a highly respected profession in China. Teachers have strong preparation in their subject matter and prospective teachers spend a great deal of time observing the classrooms of experienced teachers, often in schools attached to their universities. Once teachers are employed in schools, there is a system of induction and continuous professional development in which groups of teachers work together with professors on lesson plans and improvement.
Education system in China
1) Pre-school Education in China
Pre-school education is an important component of education cause in China. In urban areas, there are mainly kindergartens of three years, two years or one year which could be full time, part-time, boarding or hour-reckoned.
2) Primary and Secondary Education in China
Since the promulgation of the Compulsory Education Law of the People's Republic of China in 1986, the nine-year compulsory education has been implemented by governments at various levels and it has made significant progress.
Nine-year compulsory education policy in China enables students over six years old nationwide to get free education at both primary schools (grade 1 to 6) and junior secondary schools (grade 7 to 9). The policy is funded by government and tuition is free. Schools still charge miscellaneous fees. Senior secondary school (grade 10 to 12) and college education are not compulsory or free in China.
3) Higher Education in China
Higher education in China has played an important role in the economic construction, science progress and social development by bringing up large scale of advanced talents and experts for the construction of socialist modernization.