The President of the People’s Republic of China | govt.chinadaily.com.cn

The President of the People’s Republic of China

Updated: Dec 7, 2018 govt.chinadaily.com.cn Print

The president and vice president of the People's Republic of China are elected by the National People's Congress.

Any individual citizen of the People's Republic of China at or above the age of 45 who enjoys the right to vote and to be voted is eligible for the presidency/vice presidency.

Tenure of the presidency/vice presidency is the same as the term of office of the National People's Congress.

Xi Jinping was elected Chinese president and chairman of Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China on March 17, 2018 at the First Session of the 13th National People's Congress.

Biographical Sketch of Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping, male, Han ethnicity, was born in June 1953 and is from Fuping, Shaanxi Province. He began his first job in January 1969 and joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) in January 1974. Xi graduated from School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Tsinghua University where he completed an in-service graduate program in Marxist theory and ideological and political education. He holds a Doctor of Law degree.

Xi is currently the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission, President of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission.

1969-1975
Educated urban youth and Party branch secretary in Liangjiahe Brigade, Wen'anyi Commune, Yanchuan County, Shaanxi Province
1975-1979
Studied basic organic synthesis at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University
1979-1982
Office Secretary, General Office of the State Council
Office secretary, General Office of the Central Military Commission (active duty)
1982-1983
Deputy Secretary, CPC Zhengding County Committee, Hebei Province
1983-1985
Secretary, CPC Zhengding County Committee, Hebei Province
First Political Commissar and Party Committee First Secretary, Zhengding County Military Affairs Department, Hebei Province
1985-1988
Member, Standing Committee of the CPC Xiamen Municipal Committee, Fujian Province
Vice Mayor, Xiamen
1988-1990
Secretary, CPC Ningde Prefectural Committee, Fujian Province
First Secretary, Party Committee of the Ningde Military Sub-region
1990-1993
Secretary, CPC Fuzhou Municipal Committee, Fujian Province
Chairman, Standing Committee of the Fuzhou Municipal People's Congress, Fujian Province
First Secretary, Party Committee of the Fuzhou Military Sub-region
1993-1995
Member, Standing Committee of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee
Secretary, CPC Fuzhou Municipal Committee
Chairman, Standing Committee of the Fuzhou Municipal People's Congress
First Secretary, Party Committee of the Fuzhou Military Sub-region
1995-1996
Deputy Secretary, CPC Fujian Provincial Committee
Secretary, CPC Fuzhou Municipal Committee
Chairman, Standing Committee of the Fuzhou Municipal People's Congress
First Secretary, Party Committee of the Fuzhou Military Sub-region
1996-1999
Deputy Secretary, CPC Fujian Provincial Committee
First Political Commissar, Fujian Provincial Anti-aircraft Artillery Reserve Division
1999-2000
Deputy Secretary, CPC Fujian Provincial Committee
Acting Governor, Fujian Province
Vice Chairman, National Defense Mobilization Committee of the Nanjing Military Area Command Chairman, Fujian Provincial National Defense Mobilization Committee
First Political Commissar, Fujian Provincial Anti-aircraft Artillery Reserve Division
2000-2002
Deputy Secretary, CPC Fujian Provincial Committee
Governor, Fujian Province
Vice Chairman, National Defense Mobilization Committee of the Nanjing Military Area Command
Chairman, Fujian Provincial National Defense Mobilization Committee
First Political Commissar, Fujian Provincial Anti-aircraft Artillery Reserve Division

Attended an in-service graduate program in Marxist theory and ideological and political education at School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Tsinghua University and was awarded a Doctor of Law degree (1998-2002)
2002 
Deputy Secretary, CPC Zhejiang Provincial Committee
Acting Governor, Zhejiang Province
Vice Chairman, National Defense Mobilization Committee of the Nanjing Military Area Command
Chairman, Zhejiang Provincial National Defense Mobilization Committee
2002-2003
Secretary, CPC Zhejiang Provincial Committee
Acting Governor, Zhejiang Province
First Secretary, Party Committee of the Zhejiang Provincial Military Region
Vice Chairman, National Defense Mobilization Committee of the Nanjing Military Area Command
Chairman, Zhejiang Provincial National Defense Mobilization Committee
2003-2007
Secretary, CPC Zhejiang Provincial Committee
Chairman, Standing Committee of the Zhejiang Provincial People's Congress
First Secretary, Party Committee of the Zhejiang Provincial Military Region
2007
Secretary, CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee
First Secretary, Party Committee of the Shanghai Garrison Command
2007-2008
Member, Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau
Member, CPC Central Committee Secretariat
President, Central Party School
2008-2010
Member, Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau
Member, CPC Central Committee Secretariat
Vice President, PRC
President, Central Party School
2010-2012
Member, Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau
Member, CPC Central Committee Secretariat
Vice President, PRC
Vice Chairman, CPC Central Military Commission
Vice Chairman, PRC Central Military Commission
President, Central Party School
2012-2013
General Secretary, CPC Central Committee
Chairman, CPC Central Military Commission
Vice President, PRC
Vice Chairman, PRC Central Military Commission
2013-
General Secretary, CPC Central Committee
Chairman, CPC Central Military Commission
President, PRC
Chairman, PRC Central Military Commission

Alternate member, 15th CPC Central Committee Member, 16th through 19th CPC Central Committees Member, Political Bureau and its Standing Committee, and Secretariat, 17th CPC Central Committee Member, Political Bureau and its Standing Committee, and General Secretary, 18th and 19th CPC Central Committees

Elected PRC Vice President at the First Session of the 11th National People's Congress (NPC)

Appointed CPC Central Military Commission Vice Chairman at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central Committee

Appointed PRC Central Military Commission Vice Chairman at the 17th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 11th NPC

Appointed CPC Central Military Commission Chairman at the First Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee

Elected PRC President and PRC Central Military Commission Chairman at the First Session of the 12th NPC

Appointed CPC Central Military Commission Chairman at the First Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee

English text is based on Chapter III, Section 2 of the Constituion of People's Republic of China (Amendment on March 11, 2018).

Source of the English Biographical Sketch of Xi Jinping: Xinhua

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