The education system in Beijing, as elsewhere in China, can be simply summarized as "four educations" and "7 levels". The "four educations" refers to pre-school education, primary education, secondary education and higher education. The "7 levels" refers to kindergarten, primary school, junior high school, senior high school, higher college education, undergraduate education and postgraduate education.
Beijing embodies many famous universities, institutes and academies, including Peking University, Tsinghua University, Renmin University of China, Beijing Normal University, Beihang University and Beijing Institute of Technology University. The campuses are mainly located in Haidian District and Xicheng District. Haidian university town is the most famous one; reknown universities, such as Peking University and Tsinghua University are set up here. Additionally there are university towns in Changping, Chaoyang and Liangxiang.
Located near to the Old Summer Palace (Ruins of Yuanmingyuan) and the Summer Palace, Peking University was originally founded as the Imperial University of Peking in 1889. It got its present name in 1912. The campus has a total area of 2,743,532 square meters. Since its establishment, it has been a comprehensive and national key university in China. Recently, under the support of the nation, Peking University has been in a new historical development. It got great achievements in knowledge developing, talent scouting, teachers recruiting and science researching. Thus Peking University has become a center for teaching and research and an important bridge for international communication.
Established in 1911, Tsinghua Universitywas originally named 'Tsinghua Xuetang'. It adopted its present name in 1928. Since the adjustment of national universities, Tsinghua University became a multidisciplinary University, focusing on engineering and technical personnel training for the country, known as 'the cradle of engineers'. Since China opened up to the world in 1978, Tsinghua University has entered a new period of vigorous development. At present, the University has now over 25,900 students, including 13,100 undergraduates and 12,800 graduate students. As one of China's most renowned universities, Tsinghua has become an important institution for fostering talent and scientific research.
Renmin University of China
Renmin University of China (RUC, also known as the People's University of China), established in 1937, is an important teaching and research base in the areas of the humanities, social sciences, and management science in China. The University acquired its present name on October 3, 1950. An outstanding environment is provided for students from both home and abroad to learn and live at the RUC. It has produced 180,000 highly qualified talented graduates who specialize in various fields. At present, the RUC has an enrollment of about 18,750 students, which breaks down into 9,260 undergraduate students and 9,490 postgraduate students.
Beijing Normal University (BNU)
Established as the Faculty of Education of the Capital Metropolitan University in 1902, Beijing Normal University (BNU) is almost as long as the history of Chinese modern education. Beijing Normal University lays great emphasis on exchange and cooperation with educational institutions nationally, regionally and internationally, making every endeavor to pursue the global prestige. At present, there are about 19,500 full-time students, 8,500 undergraduate students, 9,000 graduate students, 3,370 international students and 31,650 part-time students in BNU. It devotes into International Cooperative Programs and has made cooperative agreements with 164 institutions from over 30 countries.
Beihang University or BUAA for short, formerly known as Beijing Institute of Aeronautics, was founded on October 25, 1952. With an area of over 100 hectares, BUAA is Chinese first university of aeronautical and astronautical engineering. As one of the top-ranked research university, BUAA has had more than 40 projects that were ranked first in China.
BUAA has focused on developing its international academic exchange programs and cooperation. It has established cooperation with 152 universities and research institutions from 40 countries, including the Canada, UK, France, Germany, Russia and USA. At present, BUAA has a total enrolment of over 26,000, among which there are more than 300 overseas students.
Beijing Foreign Studies University
Beijing Foreign Studies University. BFSU for short, was originally known as Yan'an School of Foreign Languages based on the Russian Language Unit of the Third Branch of the Chinese People's Anti-Japanese Military and Political College in 1941. It got its present name in 1994. BFSU has been China's principal base offering training in foreign language learning and teaching. BFSU was affiliated with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from its establishment to the early 1980s and is now a key university under the Ministry of Education. It has established cooperation with 320 universities and cultural institutions from 65 countries.
Beijing International Studies University
Beijing International Studies University (BISU, the former Beijing Second Foreign Languages Institute) was founded in 1964 thanks to China's late Premier Zhou En Lai's great concern about the foreign languages study. The university is an authorized school eligible to offer thirteen post-graduate courses in foreign languages. It recruits overseas students for various levels of study, ranging from postgraduate, undergraduate to short-term language studies. The university pay attention to international cooperation and has established at different times long-term cooperative or exchange programs with 114 universities from U.S., UK, Japan, Korea, Australia, France, Canada, Germany, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, Egypt, Syria, Malaysia, Hong Kong, etc. Mutual academic interactions, exchange of scholars and students, joint training programs, etc. are frequent.
Beijing Language and Culture University
Beijing Language and Culture University (BLCU), founded in 1962, was originally named The Higher Preparatory School for Foreign Students. It got its present name in 1996 and became the only international university in China with its main task set at teaching the Chinese language and culture to foreign students. BLCU knows the great importance of international exchanges and co-operations and has already broadened its cooperation and exchanges with numerous foreign countries. It has built partnerships with 210 universities from 39 countries within a sophisticated, multidisciplinary and fruitful framework designed for international education.
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